The 9p21 polymorphism is linked with atrial fibrillation during acute phase of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Heart and vessels

PubMedID: 26615606

Kiliszek M, Szpakowicz A, Franaszczyk M, Pepinski W, Waszkiewicz E, Skawronska M, Ploski R, Niemcunowicz-Janica A, Budnik M, Poludniewska D, Musial WJ, Kaminski KA, Opolski G. The 9p21 polymorphism is linked with atrial fibrillation during acute phase of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Heart Vessels. 2016;.
THE AIM
of the study was to find whether patients carrying polymorphic allele of the rs10757278 polymorphism from 9p21 locus have changed risk of arrhythmia (atrial fibrillation, AF; sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation, sVT/VF) during acute phase of myocardial infarction.Retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively from two independent centers was performed. The clinical data were pooled from two independent cardiac registries: (1) the Warsaw ACS genetic registry (STEMI and NSTEMI/UA patients hospitalized in the years 2008-2011; only STEMI patients were analyzed); (2) the Bialystok STEMI genetic registry (STEMI patients hospitalized in years 2001-2005, who survived the first 48 h from hospital admission).

DATA
regarding sVT/VF and AF within first 24 h were analyzed.The patients were genotyped with rs10757278 polymorphism. 1083 patients were included in the analysis; 62 (5. 7 %) patients had sVT/VF during acute phase and 78 (7. 2 %) patients had AF, 46 (4. 2 %) patients had new-onset AF. Minor allele frequency in all patients with AF was significantly different from those without AF (0. 40 vs 0. 51, p = 0. 0096). When only new-onset AF was analyzed, the trend was the same, with significant protective effect in recessive model [OR 0. 41 (95 % CI 0. 17-0. 97), p = 0. 025]. The effect was independent of age and GRACE score. No relationship was found between sVT/VF and rs10757278. Patients with STEMI, who survived until hospitalization with polymorphic allele of 9p21 rs10757278 SNP have less AF during acute phase of STEMI. SNP rs10757278 is not linked with sVT/VF in acute phase of STEMI.