Quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis: Replication of a three-factor prediction model.

Work (Reading, Mass.)

PubMedID: 26639012

Bishop M, Rumrill PD, Roessler RT. Quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis: Replication of a three-factor prediction model. Work. 2015;.
BACKGROUND
This article presents a replication of Rumrill, Roessler, and Fitzgerald's 2004 analysis of a three-factor model of the impact of multiple sclerosis (MS) on quality of life (QOL). The three factors in the original model included illness-related, employment-related, and psychosocial adjustment factors.

OBJECTIVE
To test hypothesized relationships between QOL and illness-related, employment-related, and psychosocial variables using data from a survey of the employment concerns of Americans with MS (N?=?1,839).

METHODS
An ex post facto, multiple correlational design was employed incorporating correlational and multiple regression analyses.

RESULTS
QOL was positively related to educational level, employment status, job satisfaction, and job-match, and negatively related to number of symptoms, severity of symptoms, and perceived stress level. The three-factor model explained approximately 37 percent of the variance in QOL scores.

CONCLUSIONS
The results of this replication confirm the continuing value of the three-factor model for predicting the QOL of adults with MS, and demonstrate the importance of medical, mental health, and vocational rehabilitation interventions and services in promoting QOL.