The renal protective effects of Anoectochilus roxburghii polysaccharose on diabetic mice induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin.

Journal of ethnopharmacology

PubMedID: 26656537

Li L, Li YM, Liu ZL, Zhang JG, Liu Q, Yi LT. The renal protective effects of Anoectochilus roxburghii polysaccharose on diabetic mice induced by high-fat diet and streptozotocin. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;.
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE
Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl. 1832 is an herbal medicine used to treat diabetes in China. Considering that Anoectochilus roxburghii polysaccharose (ARP) is the main constituent of Anoectochilus roxburghii, the present study is aimed to investigate the renal protection of ARP and its possible mechanism in diabetic mice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were induced to diabetes with high-fat diet (HFD) and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ). ARP (100, 300mg/kg) was orally administrated to diabetic mice once a day for consecutive 15 days. The fasting glucose level, expressions of key proteins of p38 MAP kinase cascade, inflammatory factors, fibronectin (FN) and the activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were measured. Furthermore, the histological examination of the separated kidneys was also carried out.

RESULTS
Compared with the diabetic mice, ARP administration induced a significant decrease in blood glucose level and improved the body weight of diabetic mice. In addition, ARP inhibited the expression of renal p38 MAP kinase cascade and its downstream inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), FN as well as MMP2/9. Moreover, the histological examination showed an apparent reduction of mesangial matrix deposition and damage of microvascular structure after ARP administration.

CONCLUSIONS
The protective effects of ARP on diabetic renal damage may be attributed to the inhibition of p38 MAP kinase cascade and then attenuating the inflammatory responses and high glucose-induced renal damage.