Self-mixing in low-noise semiconductor vortex laser: detection of a rotational Doppler shift in backscattered light.

Optics letters

PubMedID: 26670510

Seghilani M, Myara M, Sagnes I, Chomet B, Bendoula R, Garnache A. Self-mixing in low-noise semiconductor vortex laser: detection of a rotational Doppler shift in backscattered light. Opt Lett. 2015;40(24):5778-81.
Light carrying orbital angular momentum L?, scattered by a rotating object at angular velocity O?, experiences a rotational Doppler shift O?·L?. We show that this fundamental light-matter interaction can be detected exploiting self-mixing in a vortex laser under Doppler-shifted optical feedback, with quantum noise-limited light detection. We used a low-noise relaxation oscillation-free (class-A) vortex laser, based on III-V semiconductor vertical-external-cavity-surface-emitting laser technology to generate coherent Laguerre-Gauss beams carrying L=?l (l=±1,…±4). Linear and rotational Doppler effects were studied experimentally and theoretically. This will allow us to combine a velocity sensor with optical tweezers for micro-manipulation applications, with high performances: compact, powerful »10??mW, high-quality beam, auto-aligned, linear response up to >108??rad/s or >300??km/h, low back-scattered light detection limit <10-16/Hz.