Dosimetric verification and quality assurance of running-start-stop (RSS) delivery in tomotherapy.

Journal of applied clinical medical physics / American College of Medical Physics

PubMedID: 26699551

Lee FK, Chan SK, Chau RM. Dosimetric verification and quality assurance of running-start-stop (RSS) delivery in tomotherapy. J Appl Clin Med Phys. 2015;16(6):5336.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dosimetric profiles and delivery accuracy of running-start-stop (RSS) delivery in tomotherapy and to present initial quality assurance (QA) results on the accuracy of the dynamic jaw motion, dosimetric penumbrae of the RSS dynamic jaw and the static jaw were measured by radiographic films. Delivery accuracy of the RSS was evaluated by gamma analysis on film measurements of 12 phantom plans. Consistency in the performance of RSS was evaluated by QA procedures over the first nine months after the installation of the feature. These QA were devised to check: 1) positional accuracy of moving jaws; 2) consistency of relative radiation output collimated by discrete and continuously sweeping jaws; 3) consistency of field widths and profiles. In the longitudinal direction, the dose penumbra in RSS delivery was reduced from 17. 3mm to 10. 2 mm for 2. 5 cm jaw, and from 33. 2 mm to 9. 6 mm for 5 cm jaw. Gamma analysis on the twelve plans revealed that over 90% of the voxels in the proximity of the penumbra region satisfied the gamma criteria of 2% dose difference and 2 mm distance-to-agreement. The initial QA results during the first nine months after installation of the RSS are presented. Jaw motion was shown to be accurate with maximum encoder error less than 0. 42 mm. The consistency of relative output for discrete and continuously sweeping jaws was within 1. 2%. Longitudinal radiation profiles agreed to the reference profile with maximum gamma < 1 and field width error < 1. 8%. With the same jaw width, RSS showed better dose penumbrae compared to those from static jaw delivery. The initial QA results on the accuracy of moving jaws, reproducibility of dosimetric output and profiles were satisfactory.