Effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the ventral prostate of rats during the peri-pubertal, pubertal and adult stage.

Drug and chemical toxicology

PubMedID: 26759115

Pochettino AA, Hapon MB, Biolatto SM, Madariaga MJ, Jahn GA, Konjuh CN. Effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid on the ventral prostate of rats during the peri-pubertal, pubertal and adult stage. Drug Chem Toxicol. 2016;1-8.
The herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is used on a wide variety of terrestrial and aquatic broadleaf weeds. 2,4-D has been shown to produce a wide range of adverse effects on animal and human health. THE AIM
of the current study was to evaluate the effects of pre- and postnatal exposure to 2,4-D on rat ventral prostate (VP).Pregnant rats were exposed daily to oral doses of 70?mg/kg/day of 2,4-D from 16 days of gestation up to 23 days after delivery. Then, the treated groups (n?=?8) were fed with a 2,4-D added diet until sacrificed by decapitation on postnatal day (PND) 45, 60, or 90. Morphometric studies were performed and androgen receptor (AR) protein levels in the VP were determined. AR, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-1R) mRNA expression in the VP along with testosterone (T), dihydroxytestosterone (DHT), growth hormone (GH) and IGF-1 serum levels were also determined to ascertain whether these parameters were differentially affected.

RESULTS
of this study showed that 2,4-D exposure during gestation and until adulthood altered development of the prostate gland in male rats, delaying it at early ages while increasing its size in adults, indicate that 2,4-D could behave as endocrine disruptors (EDs).