Role of speckle tracking imaging in the assessment of myocardial regional ventricular function in experimental blunt cardiac injury.

Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association

PubMedID: 26764544

Du WH, Wang X, Xiong XQ, Li T, Liang HP. Role of speckle tracking imaging in the assessment of myocardial regional ventricular function in experimental blunt cardiac injury. Chin J Traumatol. 2015;18(4):223-8.
PURPOSE
To evaluate the usefulness and information collecting ability of speckle tracking imaging techniques in the assessment of myocardial regional ventricular contractility in a rabbit model with blunt cardiac injury.

METHODS
Fifteen healthy New Zealand rabbits weighing (2.70 ±0.28) kg were anesthetized (3% pentobarbital sodium/i.v) and impacted using the BIM-II biological impact machine to induce myocardial contusion (MC). Hemodynamic parameters, such as heart rate, systolic pressure, mean arterial pressure, diastolic pressure and central venous pressure, were determined before and after MC. Further, parameters reflecting left ventricular functions, such as left ventricular end systolic pressure, left ventricular end diastolic pressure, isovolumic pressure (IP) and the maximal increasing/decreasing rate of left intraventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax), were also determined before and after MC. Left ventricular functions were determined either by two dimensional transthoracic echocardiography or by speckle tracking imaging for segmental abnormal ventricular wall motions.

RESULTS
Heart rate, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and mean arterial pressure decreased significantly but transiently, while central venous pressure markedly increased after MC. In contrast to significant changes in diastolic functions, there was no significant change in cardiac systolic functions after MC. The speckle tracking imaging demonstrated that strain values of different myocardial segment significantly decreased post impact, and that of the ventricular segment decreased from segment to segment.

CONCLUSION
Speckle tracking imaging is useful and informative to assess myocardial regional dysfunctions post MC.