Effectiveness of family involvement in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients: a follow-up study.

Patient education and counseling

PubMedID: 26763869

Shi M, Xu MY, Liu ZL, Duan XY, Zhu YB, Shi HM, Jiang B, Zhang XM, Yu XH. Effectiveness of family involvement in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients: a follow-up study. Patient Educ Couns. 2016;.
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the effects of family-involvement on health education for T2DM from the aspects of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), body mass index (BMI) and glucose control.

METHODS
A follow-up study was performed and patients with newly diagnosed T2DM were divided into family-involved group (FIG, n=60) and single-involved group (SIG, n=60). Hierarchical linear models were used to assess within-group changes and between-group differences in the glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), KAP, SF-36 and BMI.

RESULTS
Significant improvements in FIG along with significant differences between-group were seen for HbA1c levels (9.73, 8.92, 5.55, 5.79, 5.30 vs. 10.05, 9.53, 6.36, 8.41, 6.58) in baseline, M3, M6, M12, M24 compared with SIG, respectively (all P=0.001). Significant improvements in FIG along with significant differences between-group were seen for KAP (16.23, 46.98, 48.93 vs. 16.65, 29.07, 37.62), SF-36 (78.04, 92.68, 92.34 vs. 74.96, 77.03, 78.25), and BMI (24.74, 23.46, 22.96 vs. 24.00, 23.45, 23.50) in baseline, M12 and M24, respectively (all P=0.05).

CONCLUSION
Family involvement is beneficial to the control of T2DM and should be suggested for T2DM newly diagnosed.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS
Health education should encourage the family to participate in the whole process to improve the efficacy of education.