New insights in diagnosis and treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity.

International ophthalmology

PubMedID: 26767656

Cernichiaro-Espinosa LA, Olguin-Manriquez FJ, Henaine-Berra A, Garcia-Aguirre G, Quiroz-Mercado H, Martinez-Castellanos MA. New insights in diagnosis and treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity. Int Ophthalmol. 2016;.
The purpose of this study was to review current perspectives on diagnosis and treatment of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP). We performed a systematic review of how much has been produced in research published online and on print regarding ROP in different settings around the world. Early Treatment for ROP (ETROP) classification is the currently accepted classification of ROP. Fluorescein angiography and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) may eventually lead to changes in the definition of ROP, and as a consequence, they will serve as a guide for treatment. Intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy has proven to be more effective in terms of lowering recurrence, allowing growth of the peripheral retina, and diminishing the incidence of retinal detachment when proliferative ROP is diagnosed. Whether anti-VEGF plus laser are better than any of these therapies separately remains a subject of discussion. Telemedicine is evolving everyday to allow access to remote areas that do not count with a retina specialist for treatment. A management algorithm is proposed according to our reference center experience. ROP is an evolving subject, with a vulnerable population of study that, once treated with good results, leads to a reduction in visual disability and in consequence, in a lifetime improvement.