[An Analysis of Placement of a Self-Expanding Metallic Stent as Bridge to Surgery for Surgical Resection of Stage? Obstructive Colorectal Cancers].

Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy

PubMedID: 26805087

Kawahara Y, Terada I, Terai S, Watanabe T, Amaya K, Yamamoto S, Kaji M, Maeda K, Shimizu K. [An Analysis of Placement of a Self-Expanding Metallic Stent as Bridge to Surgery for Surgical Resection of Stage? Obstructive Colorectal Cancers]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2015;42(12):1533-6.
In our institution, placement of a self-expanding metallic stent(SEMS)for obstructive colorectal cancer to avoid emergency operations, namely as a bridge to surgery(BTS), was introduced in April 2012. Here, we assess the efficacy and safety of pre-operative SEMS placement for treatment of Stage ? obstructive colorectal cancer. We analyzed a total of 44 cases of Stage ?colorectal cancer, which consisted of 13 obstructive cases that were surgically resected following SEMS placement as BTS(BTS group), and 31 cases that were resected in elective operations without pre-operative SEMS placement(Ope group), from April 2012 to August 2014. None of the patients had any adverse events during the SEMS procedure or after SEMS placement, and all patients of BTS group could undergo the planned operations after sufficient decompression. In the postoperative period, 1 patient of BTS group(7. 7%)had anastomosis bleeding, but no other complications, including anastomosis leakage, were observed in BTS group. However more progressive primary tumors were resected in BTS group(p= 0. 0115), there were no significant differences for post-operative course between the 2 groups; this indicated avoiding highrisk emergency operations contributed to adequate short-term outcomes in BTS group comparable to those in Ope group. SEMS placement as BTS could be performed safely for Stage? obstructive colorectal cancer cases, and was 1 of the effective strategies for local treatment.