Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Associated Factors (TRAFs) 2 and 3 Form a Transcriptional Complex with Phosho-RNA Polymerase II and p65 in CD40 Ligand Activated Neuro2a Cells.

Molecular neurobiology

PubMedID: 26843107

El Hokayem J, Brittain GC, Nawaz Z, Bethea JR. Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Associated Factors (TRAFs) 2 and 3 Form a Transcriptional Complex with Phosho-RNA Polymerase II and p65 in CD40 Ligand Activated Neuro2a Cells. Mol Neurobiol. 2016;.
The tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) have been classically described as adaptor proteins that function as solely cytosolic signaling intermediates for the TNF receptor superfamily, Toll-like receptors (TLRs), NOD, like receptors (NLRs), cytokine receptors, and others. In this study, we show for the first time that TRAFs are present within the cytoplasm and nucleus of Neuro2a cells and primary cortical neurons, and that TRAF2 and TRAF3 translocate into the nucleus within minutes of CD40L stimulation. ANALYSIS
of the transcriptional regulatory potential of TRAFs by luciferase assay revealed that each of the TRAFs differentially functions as a transcriptional activator or repressor in a cell-specific manner.Interestingly, ChIP-qPCR data demonstrate that TRAFs 2/3, p65, and pRNAPol II form part of a transcriptional complex on the Icam-1 gene promoter upon CD40L stimulation. We further determined that TRAF2 recruitment to the nucleus is critical for the ubiquitination of H2b, a transcription permissive epigenetic modification. Our findings demonstrate for the first time that TRAFs 2/3 participate in the formation of a CD40L-induced transcriptional complex in neuronal cells.