Melatonin Attenuates Early Brain Injury via the Melatonin Receptor/Sirt1/NF-?B Signaling Pathway Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Mice.

Molecular neurobiology

PubMedID: 26867656

Zhao L, Liu H, Yue L, Zhang J, Li X, Wang B, Lin Y, Qu Y. Melatonin Attenuates Early Brain Injury via the Melatonin Receptor/Sirt1/NF-?B Signaling Pathway Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Mice. Mol Neurobiol. 2016;.
Melatonin (Mel) has been reported to alleviate early brain injury (EBI) following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The activation of silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1), a histone deacetylase, has been suggested to be beneficial in SAH. However, the precise role of Sirt1 in Mel-mediated protection against EBI following SAH has not been elucidated. The present study aims to evaluate the role of melatonin receptor/Sirt1/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-?B) in this process. The endovascular perforation SAH model was used in male C57BL/6J mice, and melatonin was administrated intraperitoneally (150 mg/kg). The mortality, SAH grade, neurological score, brain water content, and neuronal apoptosis were evaluated. The expression of Sirt1, acetylated-NF-?B (Ac-NF-?B), Bcl-2, and Bax were detected by western blot. To study the underlying mechanisms, melatonin receptor (MR) antagonist luzindole and Sirt1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) were administrated to different groups. THE RESULTS
suggest that Mel improved the neurological deficits and reduced the brain water content and neuronal apoptosis.In addition, Mel enhanced the expression of Sirt1 and Bcl-2 and decreased the expression of Ac-NF-?B and Bax. However, the protective effects of Mel were abolished by luzindole or Sirt1 siRNA. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that Mel attenuates EBI following SAH via the MR/Sirt1/NF-?B signaling pathway.