Visual disability in selected acts of terror, warfare, and natural disasters of the last 25 years: a concise narrative review.

American journal of disaster medicine

PubMedID: 18450276

Gee CJ, Bonkowske J, Kurup SK. Visual disability in selected acts of terror, warfare, and natural disasters of the last 25 years: a concise narrative review. Am J Disaster Med. 2008;3(1):25-30.
OBJECTIVE
A review of ocular injury related to mass disaster over the past 25 years, including injury type, treatment, and final visual outcome.

DESIGN
Retrospective review.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Injury types, treatment, and final visual acuity.

RESULTS
Acts of terror and war result in significant and increasingly more common ocular injury. Natural disasters were much less likely to cause lasting or permanent injury.

CONCLUSIONS
Final visual acuity was rarely reported. Primary prevention is superior to treatment in acts of war and terror. Ocular injury is rarely reported by first response to natural disaster.