Corrections in dose assessment of 99mTc radiolabeled aerosol particles targeted to central human airways using planar gamma camera imaging.

Journal of aerosol medicine and pulmonary drug delivery

PubMedID: 18844481

Möller W, Felten K, Meyer G, Meyer P, Seitz J, Kreyling WG. Corrections in dose assessment of 99mTc radiolabeled aerosol particles targeted to central human airways using planar gamma camera imaging. J Aerosol Med Pulm Drug Deliv. 2009;22(1):45-54.
The dose of inhaled radiolabeled aerosols is usually assessed using gamma (GC) camera imaging. Because of the complex and inhomogeneous structure of the lung, consisting of soft tissue, the thoracic skeleton, blood vessels, and air spaces, proper attenuation correction coefficients are difficult to evaluate and the estimated doses bear high uncertainty. One hundred milliliters of aerosol boli composed of 100 nm diameter (99m)Tc radiolabeled carbon particles (Technegas) were targeted either to the airways (AW) or to 800-mL volumetric lung depth (alveoli, AL) in 11 healthy volunteers. In addition, 750-mL full breaths (FB) of aerosol were inhaled to a 800-mL lung depth. The deposited dose was measured by collecting aerosol from inhaled and exhaled air stream on filters, which were analyzed for radioactivity. Lung imaging was performed using a planar GC (posterior). Ratios of GC counts to deposited dose (GC/DD) were similar after FB and AL administration, but twofold lower after AW administration (p < 0.01). Associated attenuation correction factors (ACF) were 2.5 +/- 0.5 (FB), 2.2 +/- 0.4 (AL), and 5.5 +/- 1.6 (AW, p < 0.01). Both GC/DD and ACF were highly correlated to the aerosol distribution index (central to peripheral ratio, C/P). After shallow bolus administration there was a negative correlation between body mass index and GC/DD. Inhalation of radioaerosols used in medical diagnosis and therapy in combination with high central airway deposition results in an underestimation of the deposited dose based on planar GC imaging. The aerosol distribution index C/P may provide one suitable indicator for corrections, which should be confirmed in future studies by individual attenuation analysis based on radiotracer transmission measurements.