Correlation of Histologic Features with In Vivo Imaging of Reticular Pseudodrusen.

Ophthalmology

PubMedID: 27039021

Greferath U, Guymer RH, Vessey KA, Brassington K, Fletcher EL. Correlation of Histologic Features with In Vivo Imaging of Reticular Pseudodrusen. Ophthalmology. 2016;123(6):1320-31.
PURPOSE
To determine the histologic and cellular correlates in the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) with the presence of optical coherence tomography-defined reticular pseudodrusen (RPD).

DESIGN
Observation case using immunocytochemistry of an exenterated eye with immediate fixation after removal.

PARTICIPANTS
Two patients, one with confirmed RPD and the other with mid-peripheral drusen, underwent multimethod imaging before exenteration and immediate fixation of the posterior eyecup for high-resolution immunocytochemical analysis.

METHODS
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was compared with high-resolution immunocytochemistry using a range of cellular markers to determine changes in the RPE, photoreceptors, and gliosis.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Correlations of the appearance of reticular pseudodrusen on OCT and immunocytochemical analysis.

RESULTS
Reticular pseudodrusen were deposits juxtaposed to photoreceptor outer segments extending through the outer nuclear layer and even beyond the outer limiting membrane. Deposits were rich in vitronectin, photoreceptor-associated proteins, and Iba1-immunoreactive immune cells. In contrast to conventional drusen the lipid stain Oil Red O failed to stain RPD. Cellular analysis revealed that RPD were associated with photoreceptor disruption and loss and localized gliosis. In addition, anomalies in the RPE were observed.

CONCLUSIONS
Reticular pseudodrusen represent subretinal deposits that extend through the outer nuclear layer, affect photoreceptor integrity, and are associated with retinal gliosis and RPE damage.