Lifetime and 12 Months Prevalence of Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorders Among Soldiers Residing in a Military Community in Ibadan.

Substance use & misuse

PubMedID: 27070029

Ijomanta IN, Lasebikan VO. Lifetime and 12 Months Prevalence of Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorders Among Soldiers Residing in a Military Community in Ibadan. Subst Use Misuse. 2016;1-11.
OBJECTIVE
Aims of the study were to determine lifetime and 12 months prevalence of alcohol use and alcohol use disorders and the profile of problems associated with the diagnoses of alcohol use disorders among a military population in Nigeria.

METHOD
In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 223 military officers were interviewed by multistage stratified systematic sampling method. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) version 7.0 was used to generate data on prevalence of lifetime and current alcohol use, alcohol use disorders, and associated profile of problems. Chi square statistics, Wilcoxon-signed rank test, and binary regression analysis were used to explore the correlates of alcohol use and alcohol use disorder. All analyses were carried using SPSS Version 17.0.

RESULTS
Prevalence of lifetime alcohol use was 76.0%, 12 months prevalence was 53.9%, and frequent binge drinking was reported in 6.7% of respondents. Predictors of lifetime alcohol use were: Hausa/Fulani ethnicity OR = 1.51, 95% CI (1.11-8.71), Igbo ethnicity OR = 1.46, 95% CI (1.09-7.01), involvement in combat OR = 1.41, 95% CI (1.01-6.16). Predictors of 12 months alcohol use were: Hausa/Fulani ethnicity OR = 1.98, 95% CI (1.25-8.71), involvement in combat OR = 1.39 95% CI (1.01-5.28) and junior rank soldier OR = 2.08, 95% CI (1.47-8.99) while predictors of lifetime alcohol use disorders were: Hausa/Fulani ethnicity OR = 2.22, 95% CI (1.03-6.99) and involvement in combat OR = 2.04 95% CI (1.12-6.81).

CONCLUSION
Alcohol misuse is highly prevalent in the Nigerian military and its associated factors exemplify the common "military drinking culture."