Low-dose-rate brachytherapy for patients with transurethral resection before implantation in prostate cancer. Longterm results.

International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology

PubMedID: 27136466

Prada PJ, Anchuelo J, Blanco AG, Paya G, Cardenal J, Acuna E, Ferri M, Vazquez A, Pacheco M, Sanchez J. Low-dose-rate brachytherapy for patients with transurethral resection before implantation in prostate cancer. Longterm results. Int Braz J Urol. 2016;42(1):47-52.
OBJECTIVES
We analyzed the long-term oncologic outcome for patients with prostate cancer and transurethral resection who were treated using low-dose-rate (LDR) prostate brachytherapy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS
From January 2001 to December 2005, 57 consecutive patients were treated with clinically localized prostate cancer. No patients received external beam radiation. All of them underwent LDR prostate brachytherapy. Biochemical failure was defined according to the "Phoenix consensus". Patients were stratified as low and intermediate risk based on The Memorial Sloan Kettering group definition.

RESULTS
The median follow-up time for these 57 patients was 104 months. The overall survival according to Kaplan-Meier estimates was 88% (±6%) at 5 years and 77% (±6%) at 12 years. The 5 and 10 years for failure in tumour-free survival (TFS) was 96% and respectively (±2%), whereas for biochemical control was 94% and respectively (±3%) at 5 and 10 years, 98% (±1%) of patients being free of local recurrence. A patient reported incontinence after treatment (1.7%). The chronic genitourinary complains grade I were 7% and grade II, 10%. At six months 94% of patients reported no change in bowel function.

CONCLUSIONS
The excellent long-term results and low morbidity presented, as well as the many advantages of prostate brachytherapy over other treatments, demonstrates that brachytherapy is an effective treatment for patients with transurethral resection and clinical organ-confined prostate cancer.