Water Nanocluster Formation in the Ionic Liquid 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate ([C4mim][BF4])-D2O Mixtures.

Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids

PubMedID: 27152941

Gao J, Wagner NJ. Water Nanocluster Formation in the Ionic Liquid 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate ([C4mim][BF4])-D2O Mixtures. Langmuir. 2016;.
The microstructure of mixtures of deuterated water in the ionic liquid [C4mim][BF4] is investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurement. In the salt-rich region, water dissolves in the ionic liquid up to 0. 7 mole fraction, whereupon distinct, nanometer-sized water clusters are observed. These water nanoclusters increase in size with increasing water addition while the mole ratio of water dissolved into the ionic liquid nanostructure increases from 2 to 4. These results provide direct confirmation for recent simulations as well insight into the source of nonidealities in some thermophysical and transport properties (e. g. , density and viscosity) of salt-rich aqueous mixtures reported in the literature.