Optimization of extraction conditions for osthol, a melanogenesis inhibitor from Cnidium monnieri fruits.

Pharmaceutical biology

PubMedID: 27143283

Beom Kim S, Kim C, Liu Q, Hee Jo Y, Joo Choi H, Hwang BY, Kyum Kim S, Kyeong Lee M. Optimization of extraction conditions for osthol, a melanogenesis inhibitor from Cnidium monnieri fruits. Pharm Biol. 2016;1-7.
CONTEXT
Coumarin derivatives have been reported to inhibit melanin biosynthesis.

OBJECTIVE
The melanogenesis inhibitory activity of osthol, a major coumarin of the fruits of Cnidium monnieri Cusson (Umbelliferae), and optimized extraction conditions for the maximum yield from the isolation of osthol from C. monnieri fruits were investigated.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
B16F10 melanomas were treated with osthol at concentration of 1, 3, and 10?µM for 72 h. The expression of melanogenesis genes, such as tyrosinase, TRP-1, and TRP-2 was also assessed. For optimization, extraction factors such as extraction solvent, extraction time, and sample/solvent ratio were tested and optimized for maximum yield of osthol using response surface methodology with the Box-Behnken design (BBD).

RESULTS
Osthol inhibits melanin content in B16F10 melanoma cells with an IC50 value of 4.9?µM. The melanogenesis inhibitory activity of osthol was achieved not by direct inhibition of tyrosinase activity but by inhibiting melanogenic enzyme expressions, such as tyrosinase, TRP-1, and TRP-2. The optimal condition was obtained as a sample/solvent ratio, 1500?mg/10 ml; an extraction time 30.3 min; and a methanol concentration of 97.7%. The osthol yield under optimal conditions was found to be 15.0?mg/g dried samples, which were well matched with the predicted value of 14.9?mg/g dried samples.

CONCLUSION
These results will provide useful information about optimized extraction conditions for the development of osthol as cosmetic therapeutics to reduce skin hyperpigmentation.