Characteristics and outcomes of critically ill children following emergency transport by a specialist paediatric transport team.

Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)

PubMedID: 27241071

Hannegård Hamrin T, Berner J, Eksborg S, Radell PJ, Fläring U. Characteristics and outcomes of critically ill children following emergency transport by a specialist paediatric transport team. Acta Paediatr. 2016;.
AIM
We compared acute patients admitted to a single paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) following an emergency transfer by a specialist paediatric transport team and by other routes.

METHODS
This was a retrospective descriptive register-based study of consecutive admissions to a tertiary PICU in Sweden from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2013. We compared the general characteristics of the cohorts, together with predicted death rates (PDR), PICU mortality, 30-day mortality, PICU length of stay (PICU LOS) and resource use.

RESULTS
Of the 3665 nonelective admissions, 221 patients received emergency transport from referring hospitals to the PICU by the specialist paediatric transport team. Their median age was lower (146 versus 482 days), PDR was higher (5.58% versus 1.39%), PICU LOS was longer (4.24 days versus 1.06 days), and they received more PICU-specific therapies. The standardised mortality ratio did not differ between the cohorts, and the PICU mortality was lower than predicted in both groups. The transport distance and mode of transport did not influence survival.

CONCLUSION
Children admitted to the PICU following emergency transfers by the specialist paediatric transport team were younger, sicker, received more PICU-specific therapies and had longer PICU LOS than other acutely admitted critically ill patients. This indicates that these transfers were appropriate.