Management of Carotid Blowout from Radiation Necrosis.

Otolaryngologic clinics of North America

PubMedID: 27267029

Gleysteen J, Clayburgh D, Cohen J. Management of Carotid Blowout from Radiation Necrosis. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2016;49(3):829-39.
Although the incidence of carotid blowout has decreased with the advent of better reconstructive techniques, it remains a real risk after major head and neck surgery, especially in an irradiated field. A systematic, multidisciplinary approach incorporating appropriate history and physical examination, adequate resuscitation, diagnostic computed tomography, and diagnostic and therapeutic angiography can manage most of these patients in a safe and effective manner. Surgery has a limited role in acute management, although surgical techniques are useful both for prevention of this problem and for wound management after carotid blowout.