Quantitative Real-Time PCR and Platelia Galactomannan Assay for the Diagnosis of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Performs Better Than Serum in Non-neutropaenic Patients.

Mycopathologia

PubMedID: 27270570

Zhang S, Wang S, Wan Z, Que C, Li R, Yu J. Quantitative Real-Time PCR and Platelia Galactomannan Assay for the Diagnosis of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis: Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Performs Better Than Serum in Non-neutropaenic Patients. Mycopathologia. 2016;.
The diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is still in challenge in clinical practice, particularly for those patients without an obvious neutropaenia. In this study, a well-validated qPCR method and Platelia galactomannan (GM) assay were compared for their diagnostic performance using paired samples of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and serum from predominantly non-neutropaenic patients. In the serum samples, qPCR showed a comparable performance with GM assay in terms of sensitivity and specificity. In the BAL samples, qPCR and GM assay both demonstrated a good sensitivity (90 vs. 90 %); however, the specificity of qPCR was higher than that of GM assay (92. 5 vs. 68. 8 %, P < 0. 001) in these samples. A better sensitivity was obtained with BAL compared with serum samples for both GM assay (90 vs. 50 %) and qPCR (90 vs. 60 %). In conclusion, in non-neutropaenic patients, BAL appears to provide improved sensitivity for both GM and qPCR assays. BAL qPCR offers a better diagnostic value for IPA compared with BAL GM assay, significantly increasing the specificity without affecting the sensitivity.