Influence of the central-to-peripheral arterial stiffness gradient on the timing and amplitude of wave reflections.

Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension

PubMedID: 27334244

Hickson SS, Nichols WW, Yasmin , McDonnell BJ, Cockcroft JR, Wilkinson IB, McEniery CM. Influence of the central-to-peripheral arterial stiffness gradient on the timing and amplitude of wave reflections. Hypertens Res. 2016;.
In individuals with compliant aortas, peripheral muscular artery stiffness exceeds central elastic artery stiffness. With aging, central stiffness increases with little change in peripheral stiffness, resulting in a reversal of the normal stiffness gradient. This reversal may reduce the wave reflection amplitude due to the movement of the major 'effective' reflection site further from the heart. To test this phenomenon, we investigated the relationship among arterial stiffness gradients (normal and reversed), wave reflection amplitude and reflection site distance. SUBJECTS
aged ?50 years were recruited from the Anglo-Cardiff Collaborative Trial.Central stiffness was assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). In Study 1, peripheral PWV was also measured in the arm (carotid-radial pulse wave velocity) and, in Study 2, in the leg (femoral-dorsalis pedis). Reflection site distance was calculated from cfPWV and the reflected wave Tr.

SUBJECTS
were dichotomized into those with a normal stiffness gradient (peripheral >central PWV) or a reversed gradient (peripheral