Mice brain nitric oxide synthase response induced by anaesthetics and other porphyrinogenic drugs.

Drug metabolism letters

PubMedID: 21198440

Lavandera J, Batlle A, Buzaleh AM. Mice brain nitric oxide synthase response induced by anaesthetics and other porphyrinogenic drugs. Drug Metab Lett. 2011;5(1):25-9.
Porphyrias neuropathophysiology could be related to low levels of heme as a cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS). We examined how anaesthetics and other porphyrinogenic agents affect mice NOS activity and expression. Brain response was differential depending on the cellular fraction analyzed. Most of the drugs diminished cytosolic activity. Instead, isoflurane, enflurane and ethanol increased mitochondrial activity. NOS expression also depended on the drug tested. A comparative study was performed in liver. Our present and previous results indicate the widespread action of porphyrinogenic agents in brain, which could be the reason why it is difficult to establish the onset of acute porphyria neurological manifestations.