Probing Resilience: Daily Environmental Mastery, Self-Esteem, and Stress Appraisal.

International journal of aging & human development

PubMedID: 27357303

Montpetit MA, Tiberio SS. Probing Resilience: Daily Environmental Mastery, Self-Esteem, and Stress Appraisal. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2016;.
OBJECTIVES
The current study explores one way the process of resilience arises by investigating the underlying process of stress appraisal. In particular, the analyses examine how resilience resources function each day to attenuate the extent to which life experiences are perceived as threatening, and how trait-like resilience resources shape the appraisal process.

METHOD
Daily diary and questionnaire data from 96 participants of Successful Aging in Context: The Macroenvironment and Daily Lived Experience (SAIC; MAge?=?67 years, SDAge?=?4.9 years; range: 58-86 years) were analyzed using multilevel random coefficient modeling to investigate how individuals' daily perceptions of control and self-esteem impacted perceived stress on a given day.

RESULTS
Results suggested that both self-esteem and environmental mastery help mitigate the experience of stress; furthermore, dispositional resilience and self-esteem stability predict differences between individuals in the extent to which self-esteem tempers the perception of stress each day.

DISCUSSION
The results inform theoretical and empirical work on the nature of resilience, especially regarding how the process arises in ordinary life. From an application perspective, results imply that augmenting environmental mastery and self-esteem, both of which are malleable, can facilitate resilience by helping elders challenge their perceptions of stress each day.