Prevalence of parameters of suboptimal scaffold deployment following angiographic guided bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation in real world practice - an optical coherence tomography analysis.

International journal of cardiology

PubMedID: 27372040

Subban V, Sengottuvelu G, Uthayakumaran K, Rajendran R, Janakiraman E, Pakshirajan B, Thenpally JG, Kalidoss L, Victor SM, Kalarickal MS, Ajit MS. Prevalence of parameters of suboptimal scaffold deployment following angiographic guided bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation in real world practice - an optical coherence tomography analysis. Int J Cardiol. 2016;22032-42.
AIM
To assess the prevalence of suboptimal bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, California) deployment in real world practice with intracoronary optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging.

METHODS
Consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using BVS and the final optimization assessed with OCT imaging in two tertiary care centers between December 2012 and February 2015 were evaluated for parameters of suboptimal scaffold deployment by OCT.

RESULTS
Overall, 36 scaffolds were implanted in 27 patients during this period. Mean age of the population was 54.7±8.2years and 19 (70.4%) were type B2/C lesions. The prevalence of parameters of suboptimal scaffold deployment were: underexpansion-22(61.1%), geographic miss-3(8.3%), tissue prolapse-7(25.9%), scaffold pattern irregularity-1(2.8%), longitudinal elongation-7(38.8%). Of the 7 overlaps imaged: excessive overlap was observed in 3 and scaffold gap in one. The median duration of follow up was 679days (range 193-963days). There were four events during this period. None were associated with suboptimal scaffold deployment.

CONCLUSION
OCT based parameters of suboptimal scaffold deployment are common in real world scenario and were not associated with adverse outcomes on long term follow up. These findings need to be confirmed in larger studies.