Interventions for managing weight change following paediatric acquired brain injury: a systematic review.

Developmental medicine and child neurology

PubMedID: 27383034

Shah E, Lodh R, Siddell P, Morrall MC. Interventions for managing weight change following paediatric acquired brain injury: a systematic review. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2016;.
OBJECTIVE
To systematically review literature reporting interventions for weight change following paediatric acquired brain injury (ABI).

METHOD
A systematic search of the literature was conducted using advanced search techniques. The retrieval identified 1562 papers, of which 30 were relevant. The total number of paediatric participants was 759.

RESULTS
There is a paucity of higher quality evidence to support the use of weight change interventions following paediatric ABI. Substantial variation in screening, outcome measures, intervention, and reporting were demonstrated. Some support was found for the use of hypothalamic-sparing surgery as a method to prevent obesity following craniopharyngioma resection.

INTERPRETATION
There is a need for further study in this area to inform clinical and research practice; recommendations are given.