The use of a portable three-lead ECG monitor to detect atrial fibrillation in general practice.

Scandinavian journal of primary health care

PubMedID: 27409151

Kristensen AN, Jeyam B, Riahi S, Jensen MB. The use of a portable three-lead ECG monitor to detect atrial fibrillation in general practice. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2016;1-5.
OBJECTIVE
To evaluate how well an inexpensive portable three-lead ECG monitor PEM identified patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) compared to a normal 12-lead ECG.

DESIGN
Cross-sectional method comparison study.

SETTING
From April 2014 to February 2015, we included patients coming to the general practice clinic "Lægerne Sløjfen", Aalborg, Denmark for a routine ECG. Patients with severe dementia, mental illness or poor ECG readings were excluded. After oral and written informed consent an ECG and PEM recordings were obtained simultaneously. The PEM recordings were analyzed by two general practitioners (GPs) in training and ECG recordings were evaluated by a senior GP and a cardiologist. Both the PEM and the ECG recordings were analysed blinded.

SUBJECTS
Ninety-three patients were included and four were excluded due to poor ECG readings.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
The sensitivity and specificity of PEM compared to a standard 12-lead ECG.

RESULTS
Eighty-nine of the 93 (95.7%) patients had ECGs of a satisfactory technical quality and were included in the study. The sensitivity of diagnosing AF by PEM recordings was 86.7% and the specificity was 98.7% when compared to a 12-lead ECG. According to the cardiologist, the misclassification of three PEM recordings were due to interpretation errors and not related to the PEM recording per se.

CONCLUSIONS
The inexpensive portable PEM device recording diagnosed AF with a high sensitivity and specificity. KEY POINTS Simple ECG monitors could be useful to identify atrial fibrillation and thereby lead to a better prevention of stroke. The PEM device was easy to use and 95.7% of the recordings were technically acceptable for detecting atrial fibrillation. The PEM device has a high sensitivity and specificity in detecting atrial fibrillation compared to a standard 12-lead ECG. Further studies should evaluate the clinical usefulness of the PEM device, e.g. to detect intermittent atrial fibrillation.