Class I HDACs specifically regulate E-cadherin expression in human renal epithelial cells.

Journal of cellular and molecular medicine

PubMedID: 27420561

Choi SY, Kee HJ, Kurz T, Hansen FK, Ryu Y, Kim GR, Lin MQ, Jin L, Piao ZH, Jeong MH. Class I HDACs specifically regulate E-cadherin expression in human renal epithelial cells. J Cell Mol Med. 2016;.
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and renal fibrosis are closely involved in chronic kidney disease. Inhibition of histone deacetylase (HDAC) has an anti-fibrotic effect in various diseases. However, the pathophysiological role of isoform-specific HDACs or class-selective HDACs in renal fibrosis remains unknown. Here, we investigated EMT markers and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in a human proximal tubular cell line (HK-2) by using HDAC inhibitors or by knockdown of class I HDACs (HDAC1, 2, 3 and 8). Trichostatin A (TSA), MS275, PCI34051 and LMK235 inhibited ECM proteins such as collagen type I or fibronectin in transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1)-induced HK2 cells. However, restoration of TGF-ß1-induced E-cadherin down-regulation was only seen in HK-2 cells treated with TSA or MS275, but not with PCI34051, whereas TGF-ß1-induced N-cadherin expression was not affected by the inhibitors. ECM protein and EMT marker levels were prevented or restored by small interfering RNA transfection against HDAC8, but not against other class I HDACs (HDAC1, 2 and 3). E-cadherin regulation is mediated by HDAC8 expression, but not by HDAC8 enzyme activity. Thus, class I HDACs (HDAC1, 2, 3 and 8) play a major role in regulating ECM and EMT, whereas class IIa HDACs (HDAC4 and 5) are less effective.