Involvement of endoplasmic reticulum stress and p53 in lncRNA MEG3-induced human hepatoma HepG2 cell apoptosis.

Oncology reports

PubMedID: 27432655

Chen RP, Huang ZL, Liu LX, Xiang MQ, Li GP, Feng JL, Liu B, Wu LF. Involvement of endoplasmic reticulum stress and p53 in lncRNA MEG3-induced human hepatoma HepG2 cell apoptosis. Oncol Rep. 2016;.
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in diverse biological processes. Although downregulation of lncRNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) has been identified in several types of cancers, little is known concerning its biological role and regulatory mechanism in hepatoma. Our previous studies demonstrated that MEG3 induces apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner. THE AIM
of the present study was to determine whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in MEG3-induced apoptosis.Recombinant lentiviral vectors containing MEG3 (Lv-MEG3) were constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, RT-PCR, flow cytometry, western blot analysis, immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry were applied. Transfected HepG2 cells were also transplanted into nude mice, and the tumor growth curves were determined.

THE RESULTS
showed that the recombinant lentivirus of MEG3 was transfected successfully into the HepG2 cells and the expression level of MEG3 was significantly increased.Ectopic expression of MEG3 inhibited HepG2 cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo, and also induced apoptosis. Ectopic expression of MEG3 increased ER stress-related proteins 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1), RNA-dependent protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK), activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), caspase-3, as well as p53 and NF-?B expression accompanied by NF-?B translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. Furthermore, inhibition of NF-?B with Bay11-7082 decreased p53 expression in the MEG3-transfected cells. These results indicate that MEG3 inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis, partially via the activation of the ER stress and p53 pathway, in which NF-?B signaling is required for p53 activation in ER stress.