MicroRNA-497 inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of human bladder transitional cell carcinoma cells by targeting E2F3.

Oncology reports

PubMedID: 27430325

Zhang Y, Zhang Z, Li Z, Gong D, Zhan B, Man X, Kong C. MicroRNA-497 inhibits the proliferation, migration and invasion of human bladder transitional cell carcinoma cells by targeting E2F3. Oncol Rep. 2016;.
Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in regulating cellular processes, such as cell growth and apoptosis, as well as cancer progression and metastasis. Low expression of miR-497 has been observed in breast, colorectal and cervical cancers. Human bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC) progression typically follows a complex cascade from primary malignancy to distant metastasis, but whether the aberrant expression of miR-497 in BTCC is associated with malignancy, metastasis or prognosis remains unknown. In the present study, we found that miR-497 was markedly downregulated in BTCC tissue samples when compared with that noted in adjacent normal tissues, and low expression of miR-497 was correlated with poor prognosis in BTCC patients. We also found that overexpression of miR-497 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of bladder cancer cells by downregulating E2F3 (an miR-497 target gene) mRNA and protein and that siRNA against E2F3 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion, which was similar to the effect of miR-497 overexpression in the BTCC cells. Our experimental data indicated that miR-497 mediates the in vitro proliferation, migration and invasion of BTCC cells. Together, these results suggest that miR-497 may represent a novel prognostic indicator, a biomarker for the early detection of metastasis and a target for gene therapy of BTCC.