Mycobacterium abscessus D-alanyl-D-alanine dipeptidase induces the maturation of dendritic cells and promotes Th1-biased immunity.

BMB reports

PubMedID: 27439605

Lee SJ, Jang JH, Yun GY, Kang DR, Park HJ, Shin SJ, Han HD, Kang TH, Park WS, Yoon YK, Jung ID, Park YM. Mycobacterium abscessus D-alanyl-D-alanine dipeptidase induces the maturation of dendritic cells and promotes Th1-biased immunity. BMB Rep. 2016;.
Mycobacterium abscessus, a member of the group of non-tuberculous mycobacteria, has been identified as an emerging pulmonary pathogen in humans. However, little is known about the protective immune response of antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells (DCs), which guard against M. abscessus infection. The M. abscessus gene MAB1843 encodes D-alanyl-D-alanine dipeptidase, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of D-alanyl-D-alanine dipeptide. We investigated whether MAB1843 is able to interact with DCs to enhance the effectiveness of the host's immune response. MAB1843 was found to induce DC maturation via toll-like receptor 4 and its downstream signaling pathways, such as the mitogen-activated protein kinase and nuclear factor kappa B pathways. In addition, MAB1843-treated DCs stimulated the proliferation of T cells and promoted Th1 polarization. Our results indicate that MAB1843 could potentially regulate the immune response to M. abscessus, making it important in the development of an effective vaccine against this mycobacterium.