Intensive Glycemic Therapy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes on ß-Blockers.

Diabetes Care

PubMedID: 27460066

Tsujimoto T, Sugiyama T, Noda M, Kajio H. Intensive Glycemic Therapy in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes on ß-Blockers. Diabetes Care. 2016;39(10):1818-26.
OBJECTIVE
Recent studies have suggested that ß-blockers may decrease the adverse influence of hypoglycemia and reduce hypoglycemia-associated cardiac arrhythmias and death. We evaluated whether intensive glycemic therapy in patients with diabetes receiving treatment with ß-blockers showed beneficial effects for the prevention of cardiovascular events without increased mortality compared with a standard glycemic therapy.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS
We used Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial data to assess the risks of cardiovascular events, all-cause death, and cardiovascular death in patients with diabetes receiving treatment with ß-blockers (n = 3,079) and not receiving treatment with ß-blockers (n = 7,145) using Cox proportional hazard models.

RESULTS
In patients receiving treatment with ß-blockers, the cumulative event rates for cardiovascular events were significantly lower in the intensive therapy group compared with the standard therapy group (hazard ratio [HR] 0.81; 95% CI 0.67-0.97; P = 0.02), whereas those rates in patients not receiving treatment with ß-blockers were not significantly different (HR 0.92; 95% CI 0.78-1.09; P = 0.36). Conversely, the cumulative event rates for all-cause and cardiovascular deaths in patients receiving treatment with ß-blockers were not significantly different between the standard therapy and intensive therapy groups (all-cause death: HR 1.08; 95% CI 0.83-1.42; P = 0.54; cardiovascular death: HR 1.05; 95% CI 0.72-1.51; P = 0.79), whereas in patients not receiving treatment with ß-blockers, the event rates were significantly higher in the intensive therapy group compared with the standard therapy group (all-cause death: HR 1.25; 95% CI 1.02-1.52; P = 0.02; cardiovascular death: HR 1.43; 95% CI 1.03-1.98; P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS
Intensive glycemic therapy may be effective in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving treatment with ß-blockers.