Lowering dialysate sodium improves systemic oxidative stress in maintenance hemodialysis patients.

International urology and nephrology

PubMedID: 27473155

Macunluoglu B, Gumrukcuoglu HA, Atakan A, Demir H, Alp HH, Akyol A, Akdag S, Yavuz A, Eren Z, Keskin S, Ari E. Lowering dialysate sodium improves systemic oxidative stress in maintenance hemodialysis patients. Int Urol Nephrol. 2016;.
PURPOSE
The purpose of the current prospective study was to evaluate the effects of low sodium dialysate on oxidative stress parameters, blood pressure (BP) and endothelial dysfunction in maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients.

METHODS
After baseline measurements were taken, the dialysate sodium concentration was reduced from 140 to 137 mEq/L. Oxidative stress parameters and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD %) were measured before and after 6 months of HD with low sodium dialysate. Interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) and pre- and post-dialysis BP were monitored during the study.

RESULTS
A total of 52 patients were enrolled and 41 patients completed the study. There was a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure at the end of the study [130.00 (90.00-190.00) vs. 120.00 (90.00-150.00), p < 0.001]. Similarly, there were significant improvements in IDWG [2670.00 (1670.00-4300.00) vs. 1986.00 (1099.00-3998.00), p < 0.001] and FMD % [7.26 (4.55-8.56) vs. 9.56 (6.55-12.05), p < 0.001]. Serum MDA levels (p < 0.001) were significantly decreased; serum SOD (p < 0.001) and GPx (p < 0.001) activities were significantly increased after low sodium HD compared to standard sodium HD.

CONCLUSION
Our data seem to suggest a potential role of 137 mEq/L sodium dialysate for improving hemodynamic status, endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress than 140 mEq/L sodium dialysate in maintenance HD patients.