In vivo triarylmethyl radical stabilization through encapsulation in Pluronic F-127 hydrogel.

Journal of magnetic resonance (San Diego, Calif. : 1997)

PubMedID: 27479038

Abbas K, Boutier-Pischon A, Auger F, Françon D, Almario A, Frapart YM. In vivo triarylmethyl radical stabilization through encapsulation in Pluronic F-127 hydrogel. J Magn Reson. 2016;270147-156.
In vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging and spectroscopy are non-invasive technologies used to specifically detect and quantify paramagnetic species. However, the relative instability of spin probes such as triarylmethyl radicals limits their application to conduct oxygen quantification and mapping. In this study we encapsulated tetrathiatriarylmethyl radical (TAM; known as "Finland" probe) in Pluronic F-127 hydrogel (PF-127) in order to limit its degradation and evaluate its in vitro and in vivo EPR properties as a function of oxygen. Our results show that the EPR signal of encapsulated TAM in PF-127 hydrogel is similar to the one in solution. Although it is less sensitive to oxygen, it is suitable for oximetry. We also demonstrated that the incorporation of TAM in PF-127 hydrogel leads to an improved in vivo EPR stability of the radical under anesthesia. This new formulation enables high quality EPR imaging and oximetry and paves the way for the application of TAM radical-based probes in various biomedical fields.