A case-control study of innate immunity pathway gene polymorphisms in Puerto Ricans reveals association of toll-like receptor 2?+596 variant with asthma.

BMC pulmonary medicine

PubMedID: 27495363

Ortiz-Martínez MG, Frías-Belén O, Nazario-Jiménez S, López-Quintero M, Rodríguez-Cotto RI, Jiménez-Vélez BD. A case-control study of innate immunity pathway gene polymorphisms in Puerto Ricans reveals association of toll-like receptor 2?+596 variant with asthma. BMC Pulm Med. 2016;16(1):112.
BACKGROUND
For many years, African Dust Storms (ADE) has been thought to be associated with high prevalence of asthma in Puerto Rico (PR). Endotoxins (ENX) have been associated with ADE particulate matter (PM) and are known to promote pro-inflammatory responses in lung cells of susceptible individuals through the Toll-like receptor (TLR2/4) signaling pathways. Genetic variants are plausible contributors to such susceptibility. Therefore, we have evaluated a series of nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLR genes, which have been correlated positive and negatively to asthma prevalence and/or risk, in the Puerto Rican asthmatic population.

METHODS
The following SNPs were evaluated in 62 asthmatics and 61 controls through Taqman® Real Time PCR Assay: TLR4 (+896A/G, +1196C/T, -6687A/G); TLR2 (+596C/T, -16934 T/A, +399A/G, +1349C/T) and CD14 (-159C/T, +1188C/G). Genotypes were assessed for asthma association employing an odds ratio (OR) analysis.

RESULTS
Minor allele frequencies (n?=?123) were determined for those variants as 0.07, 0.06, 0.35, 0.35, 0.37, 0.29, 0.04, 0.35 and 0.11, respectively. Two (+596C/T, +399A/G) TLR2 SNPs showed to be more represented in the asthmatic group by 89 % and 65 %, respectively. TLR4 SNP +896A/G analysis revealed only 1 G/G genotype (2 %) on the asthmatic group. The CD14 SNPs were similarly represented in the Puerto Rican population. Only the TLR2?+596 SNP was found to be significantly associated to asthma (OR?=?3.24 for CT, 2.71 for TT) and particularly to females.

CONCLUSIONS
The identification of TLR SNPs will reveal potential candidates for gene-environment interactions in Puerto Ricans. As far as we know this is the first study to evaluate this type of TLR gene polymorphisms in Puerto Rican asthmatics, contributing to the current knowledge in the Hispanic population.