Interleukin-6 gene polymorphisms correlate with the progression of nephropathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes: A prospective cohort study.

Diabetes research and clinical practice

PubMedID: 27500547

Chang WT, Huang MC, Chung HF, Chiu YF, Chen PS, Chen FP, Lee CY, Shin SJ, Hwang SJ, Huang YF, Hsu CC. Interleukin-6 gene polymorphisms correlate with the progression of nephropathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes: A prospective cohort study. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2016;12015-23.
AIMS
Interleukin-6 (IL-6), an inflammatory cytokine, is considered a candidate gene possibly involved in susceptibility to nephropathy in diabetes. This study aimed to examine whether IL-6 polymorphisms predict the progression of nephropathy in a prospective Chinese cohort of patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS
A total of 568 type 2 diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria at baseline were followed up for a mean of 5.3±1.5years. Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) ?30mg/g in two consecutive urine tests were defined as progression to diabetic nephropathy (n=143). Five polymorphisms of IL-6 gene, rs1800795, rs1800796, rs1524107, rs2069837, and rs2069840, were genotyped. Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI of progression to diabetic nephropathy under different genetic models.

RESULTS
Almost all patients (99.6%) carried the rs1800795 GG homozygous genotypes. In the Cox proportional models adjusted for multiple covariates, the HR under recessive model was 2.02 for rs1800796 GG (vs. CC+CG, 95% CI: 1.08-3.75, p=0.027), 2.37 for rs2069837 GG (vs. AA+AG, 95% CI: 1.15-4.87, p=0.019), and 2.08 for rs1524107 CC (vs. TT+TC, 95% CI: 1.12-3.89, p=0.021). These associations remained significant for rs1800796 and rs1524107 after correction for multiple testing (a=0.017). Overall, our results suggest that rs1800796 GG and rs1524107 CC homozygous genotypes may confer a greater risk for development of nephropathy in type 2 diabetes.

CONCLUSIONS
IL-6 gene polymorphisms rs1800796 and rs1524107 may serve as predictors of progression of nephropathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.