Association of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 gene 2518A/G polymorphism with diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis.

Diabetes research and clinical practice

PubMedID: 27505625

Wang W, He M, Huang W. Association of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 gene 2518A/G polymorphism with diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus: A meta-analysis. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2016;12040-46.
AIMS
The relationship between monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) 2518 A/G polymorphism and diabetic retinopathy (DR) attracted intense interest recently, but the reported results are controversial. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the MCP-1 polymorphism associated with DR susceptibility in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

METHODS
Eligible studies were identified from PubMed, Embase, Web of science, Chinese Biomedical database, and references of retrieved articles. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated by fixed or random-effects models.

RESULTS
Six studies involving 3415 patients without DR and 3468 with any DR were included in the final meta-analysis. Each 5 studies evaluated the associations of MCP-1 polymorphism and any DR and proliferative DR (PDR), respectively. Meta-analysis in fixed model demonstrated a significant association between MCP-1 polymorphism and any DR under the homozygous model (OR=1.36; 95%CI: 1.15-1.62, P<0.001), heterozygous model (OR=1.20; 95%CI: 1.02-1.42, P=0.031), dominant model (OR=1.28; 95%CI: 1.10-1.50, P=0.002), recessive model (OR=1.17; 95%CI: 1.05-1.31, P=0.004), and allelic model (OR=1.16; 95%CI: 1.07-1.25, P<0.001). Furthermore, a significant association of MCP-1 polymorphism and DR progression from non-proliferative DR to proliferative DR was identified under heterozygous model (OR=1.45; 95%CI: 1.04-2.02, P=0.030). Sensitivity analyses did not draw different findings.

CONCLUSIONS
Meta-analysis of existing data suggested that MCP-1 2518 A/G polymorphism affected the risk of presence and progression of DR in type 2 diabetes mellitus.