Overview and guidelines of off-label use of methotrexate in ectopic pregnancy: report by CNGOF.

European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology

PubMedID: 27572300

Marret H, Fauconnier A, Dubernard G, Misme H, Lagarce L, Lesavre M, Fernandez H, Mimoun C, Tourette C, Curinier S, Rabishong B, Agostini A. Overview and guidelines of off-label use of methotrexate in ectopic pregnancy: report by CNGOF. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016;205105-109.
Our objective is to describe off-label use of methotrexate in ectopic pregnancy treatment using evidence based medicine. The patient group includes all women with a pregnancy outside the usual endometrium, or of unknown location. METHOD
used was a Medline search on ectopic pregnancy managed using methotrexate treatment; evidence synthesis was done based on this current literature analysis.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
(LE) were given according to the centre for evidence base medicine rules.Grade was proposed for guidelines but no recommendation was possible as misoprostol is off label use for all the indications studied. In the absence of any contraindication, the protocol recommended for medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy is a single intramuscular injection of methotrexate (MTX) at a dosage of 1mg/kg or 50mg/m(2) (Grade A). It can be repeated once at the same dose should the hCG concentration not fall sufficiently. Pretreatment laboratory results must include a complete blood count and kidney and liver function tests (in accordance with its marketing authorization). MTX is an alternative to conservative treatment such as laparoscopic salpingotomy for uncomplicated tubal pregnancy (Grade A) with pretreatment hCG levels=5000IU/l (Grade B). Expectant management is preferred for hCG levels<1000IU/l or in the process of spontaneous decreasing (Grade B). Intramuscular MTX is also recommended after the failure of surgical salpingotomy (Grade C) or immediately after surgery, if monitoring is not possible. Except in special circumstances, a local insitu ultrasound-guided MTX injection is not recommended for unruptured tubal pregnancies (Grade B). In situ MTX is an option for treating cervical, interstitial, or cesarean-scar pregnancies (Grade C). In pregnancies of unknown location persisting more than 10days in an asymptomatic woman who has an hCG level>2000IU/l, routine MTX treatment is an option. MTX is not indicated for combination with treatments such as mifepristone or potassium.