Establishment of SV40 large T antigen-immortalized bovine liver sinusoidal cell lines and their immunological responses to deoxynivalenol and lipopolysaccharide.

Cell biology international

PubMedID: 27624824

Yoshioka M, Takenouchi T, Kitani H, Okada H, Yamanaka N. Establishment of SV40 large T antigen-immortalized bovine liver sinusoidal cell lines and their immunological responses to deoxynivalenol and lipopolysaccharide. Cell Biol Int. 2016;.
Immortalized bovine sinusoidal cell lines provide useful tools to study the immunological responses in the liver to the gastrointestinal tract-derived toxic substances, which may cause systemic symptoms in the affected livestock. Here, we established two immortalized bovine liver sinusoidal cell lines, endothelial-like B46, and myofibroblast-like A26, from primary cultures of bovine liver cells by the transfection with SV40 large T antigen. The pro-inflammatory cytokine responses in these cell lines to deoxynivalenol (DON) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were then compared to those in the primary bovine Kupffer cells (BKC). BKC were highly responsive to LPS, showing increased levels of IL-1a, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-a mRNA 3?h after stimulation. DON induced similar pro-inflammatory cytokine responses in BKC, except for IL-6. The endothelial B46 cells exhibited upregulation of IL-1a, IL-1ß, and IL-6 3?h after stimulation by LPS. In contrast to the stimulation by LPS, B46 had relatively low pro-inflammatory cytokine responses to DON, except for IL-1a, which was moderately induced at 3?h and increased at 24?h after stimulation. The myofibroblast-like A26 cells exhibited low responses in the induction of pro-inflammatory cytokines to LPS or DON; however, the expression of IL-6 was significantly observed 3?h after DON stimulation. Our results suggest that bovine liver sinusoidal cells have distinctive pro-inflammatory cytokine responses against harmful substances, and these immune responses might determine the consequence of systemic inflammations in the diseased animal.