The Relationship Between Sleep Patterns, Quality of Life, and Social and Clinical Characteristics in Chinese Patients With Schizophrenia.

Perspectives in psychiatric care

PubMedID: 27629985

Hou CL, Zang Y, Ma XR, Cai MY, Li Y, Jia FJ, Lin YQ, Chiu HF, Ungvari GS, Ng CH, Zhong BL, Cao XL, Tam MI, Xiang YT. The Relationship Between Sleep Patterns, Quality of Life, and Social and Clinical Characteristics in Chinese Patients With Schizophrenia. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2016;.
PURPOSE
The purpose of the study was to determine the pattern of sleep behavior in schizophrenia patients treated in primary care.

DESIGN AND METHODS
Altogether 623 schizophrenia patients in 22 primary care services were recruited. Sleep duration and demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded.

FINDINGS
The mean expected total sleep time was 8.8 hr (SD 1.8) and the mean actual total sleep time was 8.2 hr (SD 2.1). The frequency of short, medium, and long sleepers was 18.1, 38.4, and 43.5%, respectively. Major medical conditions and any type of insomnia were independently associated with short sleep, while long sleep was associated with unemployment and use of second-generation antipsychotics.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS
More attention should be paid to sleep duration in this population group.