Postural stability in patients with different types of head and neck trauma in comparison to healthy subjects.

Brain injury : [BI]

PubMedID: 27629907

Gandelman-Marton R, Arlazoroff A, Dvir Z. Postural stability in patients with different types of head and neck trauma in comparison to healthy subjects. Brain Inj. 2016;1-5.
OBJECTIVE
Dizziness is a common complaint in patients following mild head or neck trauma, but neurological signs are usually rare or absent. The aim of the study was to compare postural control in patients with different types of head and neck trauma to healthy subjects.

METHODS
Balance function was evaluated by computerized dynamic platform posturography (CDPP) in 57 dizzy patients with whiplash injury (n = 11), mild head trauma without loss of consciousness (HTNLC) (n = 23), whiplash injury and mild head trauma without loss of consciousness (WHTNLC) (n = 12) and mild head trauma with loss of consciousness (n = 11) and in 14 healthy subjects.

RESULTS
Compared to healthy subjects and after adjustment for inter-group age differences, sway index (SI) was significantly higher in patients with WHTNLC in three of the tests. There were no significant differences within the patient group according to type of injury. When time following the injury was considered, the SI was non-significantly higher within the first week after trauma compared to other time intervals.

CONCLUSION
The severity of the postural abnormality in patients with head and/or neck trauma is not uniform and is influenced by the type of trauma.