[Analysis of good practices for inhabitant participation in the clinical management units of the Andalusian Health Service (Spain)].

Gaceta sanitaria / S.E.S.P.A.S

PubMedID: 27639499

Gómez Martínez ME, Pastor Moreno G, Pérez Corral O, Iriarte de Los Santos MT, Mena Jiménez ÁL, Escudero Espinosa MC, García Romera I, Blanco García MG, Martín Barato A. [Analysis of good practices for inhabitant participation in the clinical management units of the Andalusian Health Service (Spain)]. Gac Sanit. 2016;.
OBJECTIVE
To discover good practices for inhabitant participation in the clinical management units (CMUs) of the Andalusian Health Service (AHS) (Spain) and to explore the reasons perceived by CMU and AHS professionals that may influence the presence and distribution of those good practices among the CMU.

METHODS
Study with mixed methodology carried out in Andalusia (Spain) in two phases (2013-2015). Firstly, an online survey was delivered to the Directors of the CMUs which had set up an inhabitant participation commission. In a second phase, a qualitative study was carried out through semi-structured interviews with professionals from the Andalusian Health Service with previous experience in inhabitant participation. A descriptive analysis of the quantitative information and a semantic content analysis of the qualitative information were carried out.

RESULTS
530 CMUs took part in the survey. The inhabitant participation practices more often implemented in the CMUs are those related to the informing and consultation levels. Twelve professionals were interviewed in the second phase. Other practices with higher inhabitant involvement and delegation are secondary. The barriers which were identified by professionals are related to the beliefs and attitudes of the inhabitants, the professionals, the health system and the environment.

CONCLUSION
The main practices for inhabitant participation in the CMUs are related to the most basic levels of participation. The method and dynamics which facilitate inhabitant empowerment within the health system are not clearly recognised.