Acid modulation of tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na(+) channels in large-sized trigeminal ganglion neurons.

Brain research

PubMedID: 27639809

Nakamura M, Kim DY, Jang IS. Acid modulation of tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na(+) channels in large-sized trigeminal ganglion neurons. Brain Res. 2016;.
Voltage-gated Na(+) channels in primary afferent neurons can be divided into tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) and tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) Na(+) channels. Although previous studies have shown the acid modulation of TTX-R Na(+) channels, the effect of acidic pH on tetrodotoxin-sensitive (TTX-S) Na(+) channels is still unknown. Here we report the effect of acidic pH on TTX-S Na(+) channels expressed in large-sized trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons using a whole-cell patch clamp technique. The application of acidic extracellular solution decreased the peak amplitude of TTX-S currents (INa) in a pH-dependent manner, but weak acid (=pH 6. 0) had no inhibitory effect on TTX-S INa. Acidic pH (pH 6. 0) shifted both the activation and steady-state fast inactivation relationships of TTX-S Na(+) channels toward depolarized potentials. However, acidic pH (pH 6. 0) had no effect on use-dependent inhibition in response to high-frequency stimuli, development of inactivation, and accelerated the recovery from inactivation of TTX-S Na(+) channels, suggesting that TTX-S Na(+) channels in large-sized TG neurons are less sensitive to acidic pH. Given that voltage-gated Na(+) channels play a pivotal role in the generation and conduction of action potentials in neural tissues, the insensitivity of TTX-S Na(+) channels expressed in large-sized TG neurons to acidic pH would ensure transmission of innocuous tactile sensation from orofacial regions at acidic pH conditions.