Admission Cardiotocography: A Predictor of Neonatal Outcome.

Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology of India

PubMedID: 27651624

Bhartiya V, Sharma R, Kumar A, Srivastava H. Admission Cardiotocography: A Predictor of Neonatal Outcome. J Obstet Gynaecol India. 2016;66(Suppl 1):321-9.
BACKGROUND
Screening for fetal distress is a big challenge for obstetricians. Labor admission test by cardiotocography (CTG) can be utilized to differentiate between mothers, in whom continuous fetal monitoring is needed and those who can be managed by intermittent auscultation. Admission CTG is commonly used screening test which aims to identify on admission to the delivery unit the fetus at increased risk of intrapartum hypoxia. We conducted a study to evaluate the efficacy of CTG in low- and high-risk women.

METHODS
A prospective longitudinal study was conducted on 200 low-risk and high-risk antenatal women, beyond 32-week gestation with live pregnancy in labor and admitted in labor ward.

RESULTS
Correlation of labor admission test with meconium in low risk and high risk was found statistically significant (p = 0.0010 and p = 0.000046, respectively). Correlation of labor admission test with low Apgar score, NICU admission and mortality was found statistically insignificant in low-risk and high-risk groups.

CONCLUSION
Admission CTG does not benefit the neonatal outcome in normal- or low-risk women and rather results in increased obstetric intervention. Thus, it is not beneficial as a screening test to detect intrapartum fetal distress in normal- or low-risk women.