Myasthenia gravis: a population-based epidemiological study.

Irish medical journal

PubMedID: 27685688

Rutledge S, Kenny O, O'Riordan S, McGuigan C, Tubridy N. Myasthenia gravis: a population-based epidemiological study. Ir Med J. 2016;109(2):355.
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is a disorder affecting components of the neuromuscular junction. Epidemiological studies show rising incidence and prevalence rates. THE AIM
of this study was to determine the incidence and prevalence of MG in the Republic of Ireland.

included patient lists from consultant neurologists and ophthalmologists, a neuroimmunology laboratory, general practitioners and the Myasthenia Gravis Association.A total of 1715 cases were identified, of which 706 definite, probable or possible autoimmune and congenital MG cases were included. The overall prevalence rate from the data obtained is 15. 38/100,000. The study demonstrated a female preponderance (female:male of 1. 3: 1) and some geographical variation within Ireland. The average incidence rate for the years 2000 to 2009 was 11. 3 per year; the rate for the current decade is 18 per year. The increasing number of diagnoses may be due to improved access to diagnostic investigations and increasing awareness of the clinical manifestations.