Evaluation of the necessity for chest drain placement following thoracoscopic wedge resection.

Surgery today

PubMedID: 27688029

Lu TY, Chen JX, Chen PR, Lin YS, Chen CK, Kao PY, Huang TM, Fang HY. Evaluation of the necessity for chest drain placement following thoracoscopic wedge resection. Surg Today. 2016;.
PURPOSE
To evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection without chest drain placement.

METHODS
The subjects of this retrospective study were 89 patients, who underwent thoracoscopic wedge resection at our hospital between January, 2013 and July, 2015. A total of 45 patients whose underlying condition did not meet the following criteria were assigned to the "chest drain placement group" (group A): peripheral lesions, healthy lung parenchyma, no intraoperative air leaks, hemorrhage or effusion accumulation, and no pleural adhesion. The other 44 patients whose underlying condition met the criteria were assigned to the "no chest drain placement group" (group B). Patient characteristics, specimen data, and postoperative conditions were analyzed and compared between the groups.

RESULTS
Group A patients had poorer forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) values, less normal spirometric results, significantly higher resected lung volume, a greater maximum tumor-pleura distance, and a larger maximum tumor size. They also had a longer postoperative hospital stay. There was no difference between the two groups in postoperative complications.

CONCLUSIONS
Avoiding chest drain placement after a thoracoscopic wedge resection appears to be safe and beneficial for patients who have small peripheral lesions and healthy lung parenchyma.