Oral Health Related Quality of Life Before and After Treatment of Dentin Hypersensitivity With Cyanoacrylate and Laser.

Journal of periodontology

PubMedID: 27712461

Lima TC, Vieira-Barbosa NM, de Sá Azevedo CG, de Matos FR, Willya Douglas de Oliveira D, de Oliveira ES, Ramos-Jorge ML, Gonçalves PF, Flecha OD. Oral Health Related Quality of Life Before and After Treatment of Dentin Hypersensitivity With Cyanoacrylate and Laser. J Periodontol. 2016;1-9.
BACKGROUND
The aim of this longitudinal study was to verify changes in patients' oral health related quality of life 180 days after the treatment of dentin hypersensitivity with laser and cyanoacrylate.

METHODS
This clinical, controlled, randomized, double-blind trial used a split-mouth design, and quadrants were randomized to receive either laser or cyanoacrylate treatments. All patients received both treatments. The study included 62 patients from 12-60 years of age (mean: 31.4yo) in whom a total of 432 teeth were treated. The quadrants were randomly distributed into 2 Groups: cyanoacrylate (n=218 teeth) or laser (n=216 teeth) treatment. Dentin hypersensitivity was evaluated with air and cold stimuli at 24 hours, 30, 90 and 180 days after treatment. The OHIP-14 questionnaire was applied at baseline and 180 days after treatment.

RESULTS
There were statistically significant differences in the following OHIP-14 subscales before and after treatment: physical pain (p = 0.002), psychological disability (p < 0.001), psychological incapacity (p = 0.003), disability (p = 0.013), and total score (p < 0.001). At the end of the study, 80.6% of participants reported an improvement in the condition.

CONCLUSION
There was a reduction in the impact of dentin hypersensitivity on the quality of life of the participants of the study after interventions with laser and cyanoacrylate.