Cytomegalovirus Reinfections Stimulate CD8 T-Memory Inflation.

PloS one

PubMedID: 27870919

Trgovcich J, Kincaid M, Thomas A, Griessl M, Zimmerman P, Dwivedi V, Bergdall V, Klenerman P, Cook CH. Cytomegalovirus Reinfections Stimulate CD8 T-Memory Inflation. PLoS ONE. 2016;11(11):e0167097.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been shown to induce large populations of CD8 T-effector memory cells that unlike central memory persist in large quantities following infection, a phenomenon commonly termed "memory inflation". Although murine models to date have shown very large and persistent CMV-specific T-cell expansions following infection, there is considerable variability in CMV-specific T-memory responses in humans. Historically such memory inflation in humans has been assumed a consequence of reactivation events during the life of the host. Because basic information about CMV infection/re-infection and reactivation in immune competent humans is not available, we used a murine model to test how primary infection, reinfection, and reactivation stimuli influence memory inflation. We show that low titer infections induce "partial" memory inflation of both mCMV specific CD8 T-cells and antibody. We show further that reinfection with different strains can boost partial memory inflation. Finally, we show preliminary results suggesting that a single strong reactivation stimulus does not stimulate memory inflation. Altogether, our results suggest that while high titer primary infections can induce memory inflation, reinfections during the life of a host may be more important than previously appreciated.