DNA replication after mutagenic treatment in Hordeum vulgare.

Mutation research

PubMedID: 27908384

Kwasniewska J, Kus A, Swoboda M, Braszewska-Zalewska A. DNA replication after mutagenic treatment in Hordeum vulgare. Mutat Res. 2016;81220-28.
The temporal and spatial properties of DNA replication in plants related to DNA damage and mutagenesis is poorly understood. EXPERIMENTS
were carried out to explore the relationships between DNA replication, chromatin structure and DNA damage in nuclei from barley root tips.We quantitavely analysed the topological organisation of replication foci using pulse EdU labelling during the S phase and its relationship with the DNA damage induced by mutagenic treatment with maleic hydrazide (MH), nitroso-N-methyl-urea (MNU) and gamma ray. Treatment with mutagens did not change the characteristic S-phase patterns in the nuclei; however, the frequencies of the S-phase-labelled cells after treatment differed from those observed in the control cells. The analyses of DNA replication in barley nuclei were extended to the micronuclei induced by mutagens. Replication in the chromatin of the micronuclei was rare.

THE RESULTS
of simultanous TUNEL reaction to identify cells with DNA strand breaks and the labelling of the S-phase cells with EdU revealed the possibility of DNA replication occurring in damaged nuclei.For the first time, the intensity of EdU fluorescence to study the rate of DNA replication was analysed.